It’s a myth that Tolkien invented the hobbit. The detailed description of hobbits may have been his invention, but the word was pre-existing. I have seen it in a 19th century work on folklore in a list of supernatural creatures. Orcs are similar – the word previously existed, but meant a sea monster (think Orca). [...]


An email arrived this morning detailing a very strange-sounding event:

VOLCANO FUN DAY, Holyrood Park Saturday 8 October, 11am – 3pm. A family activity day all about volcanoes – explore modern and ancient volcanoes and meet the scientists who work on them. There will be hands-on activities, films and information indoors, and outdoor [...]